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Rediscovery of Leptestheria dahalacensis and Eoleptestheria ticinensis (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Spinicaudata): an overview on presence and conservation of clam shrimps in Austria

Reprinted from Hydrobiologia 318, 203-206 (1996), with kind permission by Kluwer Academic Publishers

Walter Hödl & Erich Eder


According to recent literature, five of the six known Austrian ‘conchostracan’ species are extinct. However, interim results of a current study on large freshwater branchiopods in Austria show that five species still occur at a restricted number of sites in the Pannonian region of Lower Austria. The clam shrimps Leptestheria dahalacensis and Eoleptestheria ticinensis were rediscovered in May 1994 in the flood plains of the river Morava near Marchegg. Imnadia yeyetta and Cyzicus tetracerus have been known to the authors in the same region since 1981, and 1992, respectively. Limnadia lenticularis occurs in the flood plains of the rivers Morava and Danube

Lynceus brachyurus, the only Austrian representative of the Laevicaudata, was not found and most probably got extinct.

All Austrian clam shrimp species are considered to be endangered. Main threats are agricultural activities and artificial changes of the hydrologic conditions. Conservational measures are discussed for their effectivity.
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