Category Archives: Jewish Studies

project: “Viennese Jews in Parliament. Jewish Representatives of Viennese Electoral Districts 1861 to 1933”

Oct. 2011 to March 2012: Project leader (IPW)
(financed by: Hochschuljubiläumsstiftung der Stadt Wien)

The project examined Jewish parliamentarians of Viennese electoral districts during the Habsburg period and the First Republic of Austria. Their biographies as well as their activity in parliament were analyzed, with special focus on their confrontations with and reactions to antisemitism in the plenum. The specific social and political conflicts, which shaped the city of Vienna and the Viennese Jewish community in the study period, strongly influenced parliamentarians’ engagement with issues of Jewish identity and its meaning for their political work. The double-role of Vienna as a center of Jewish (political) life as well as a central space and target for antisemitic agitation was investigated in the context of political modernization and democratization. The role of Viennese Jews in the development of Austrian parliamentarianism was thus highlighted.

project: “Jewish Representation and Antisemitism in the Upper Chamber of the Austrian Imperial Assembly 1861 to 1918”

Sept. 2010 to Oct. 2011: Project team member (IPW), project leader: Eva Kreisky
(financed by: Jubiläumsfonds der Österreichischen Nationalbank; Zukunftsfonds der Republik Österreich)

The project investigated Jewish political participation and representation as well as manifestations of antisemitism in the Upper Chamber of the Austrian parliament between 1861 and 1918. Biographies and political activity of those members, who belonged to the Jewish community at the time of birth, were researched and archived. Additionally, their parliamentary practices as well as their confrontations with and reactions to antisemitism in the plenum were scrutinized in a discourse-analysis of parliamentary session protocols.

Please find more information in the project database of the ÖNB. (in German)

project: “Antisemitism and Jewish Representation in the Austrian Parliament 1861 to 1938”

Sept. 2008 to Sept. 2010: Project team member (IPW), project leader: Eva Kreisky
(financed by:  Zukunftsfonds der Republik Österreich; National Fund of the Republic of Austria for Victims of National Socialism)

The project investigated the participation of Jewish parliamentarians in plenary debates as well as manifestations and transformations of antisemitism in parliament. For this purpose, debates from central policy fields (trade/commerce, migration, nationalities and languages, press and culture, electoral law, science and universities) were examined in a comparative, discourse-analytical procedure. In these case studies, antisemitic stereotypes and argumentations as well as positions and counter-strategies of Jewish parliamentarians were analyzed. Results confirmed that the parliamentary plenum was a central site in which ‘traditional’ anti-Judaism was transformed into modern antisemitism as an anti-liberal, anti-socialist, anti-urban, anti-intellectual, and nationalist political strategy. At the same time, resistance from Jewish representatives as well as conflicts over Jewish identity between liberal universalism, national assimilationism, or Jewish-national Zionism shaped parliamentary debates.

Please find more information in the online uni:view magazine. (in German)

project: “Jewish Representatives in the Austrian Parliament 1861 to 1938”

Feb. 2007 to Aug. 2008: Project team member (IPW), project leader: Eva Kreisky
(financed by: Jubiläumsfonds der Österreichischen Nationalbank)

The project investigated the relationship between the development of Austrian parliamentarianism and the political integration of Jews in the late Habsburg monarchy and the First Republic of Austria. Biographies of parliamentarians who belonged to the Jewish community at the time of birth were researched and archived in an electronic database

Please find more information in the project database of the ÖNB and the Parliament. (in German)