FWF Senior Research Fellow, Central European University (CEU) | Scientific Director, Austrian Institute for International Affairs (oiip) | Co-editor, Journal of International Relations and Development (JIRD)
Speaker: Saskia Stachowitsch (IPW, University of Vienna| oiip)
Discussant: Rocco Bellanova (University of Amsterdam)
Tuesday, 27 October 2020, 12:00 p.m.
Watch the full talk here:
In this talk, Saskia Stachowitsch explores how risk analysis in European border security functions as a sense-making security practice that is deeply political. With a focus on the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), she investigates how gender and race matter in constituting the “riskiness” of migrants as well as the notion of “migration crisis”. As a contribution to emerging debates on race and racism in security studies, she argues for an intersectional approach that reveals how understandings of crisis are linked to the reproduction of gendered and racialized stereotypes, identities and inequalities.
Abstract This autumn marks the 20th anniversary since the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (WPS). A huge milestone, it finally promised mainstream attention to women’s perspectives on and experiences of war, peace and security which women’s rights activists had been pursuing for over a century.
Join us to celebrate this momentous anniversary with a roundtable of key experts and practitioners discussing the WPS agenda’s past, present and potential futures.
Josefa Stiegler talked to Valerie Krb and Elisabeth Mittendorfer in the daily newspaper Kurier about gender sensitive urban planning. The interview is embedded in a larger article about the utopia of a gender sensitive city and was published on August 9, 2020 in German.
The project examines the role of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) in the reproduction and transformation of gender and racial inequalities and insecurities. In several case studies on border security operations in the Mediterranean Sea, particular focus will be placed on risk analysis in this process.
Abstract: Over thirty years ago, Cynthia Enloe has changed the discipline of International Relations forever by posing a simple question: Where are the women? Since then, she has continuously alerted us to the ways women and gender matter in and for international politics and global security. Introducing feminist approaches to the field, Enloe has particularly shown how militarizing processes in every guise depend on narratives, policies and pressures to manipulate both women and men, femininities and masculinities. Her first public talk in Vienna is dedicated to the subject of militarization which is on the rise again, locally and regionally, and is connected to a strong anti-feminist backlash against gender equality and emancipation. Efforts to sustain hierarchical gender relations and norms (as well as resistances to them) are more than mere political ‘side shows’, but an integral part of militarism, nationalism, and authoritarianism which challenge democracies in Europe and beyond.
This article develops a feminist postcolonial approach to risk analysis as an increasingly central security practice in the EU’s emerging border management and security regime. For this purpose, we theorize risk analysis as a sense-making practice embedded within colonial power relations. As such, risk analysis problematizes migrants and migration in gendered and racialized ways that make them amenable to border management and other, potentially violent security practices, such as detentions, returns, surveillance, and Search and Rescue. In an exemplary frame analysis of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency’s (Frontex) risk analysis report 2016, we show how conceptualizations of risks and solutions by this key actor are informed by gendered and racialized framings of 1) chaos and violence, 2) exploitation of the EU economic and welfare system, and 3) humanitarianism towards ‘vulnerable’ migrants. With this study, we seek to strengthen feminist and postcolonial interventions into critical security studies on knowledge, power, and expertise. By conceptualizing risk analysis as political, this article pushes critical security theory beyond understandings of security as socially constructed and towards systematically unpacking the meanings of (in)security as implicated in the reproduction of gendered and racialized power relations.