Department of Evolutionary Anthropology
University of Vienna
Assoc. Prof. Ron Pinhasi
Ron Pinhasi received his BA in Archaeology from Simon Fraser University, Vancouver Canada (1996), His MA from Katholike University Leuven, Belgium (1997) and his PhD from the University of Cambridge, UK in 2003.
He spent two years (2003-2004) in a Lise Meitner postdoctoral position at the Natural History museum, Vienna, examining the health status of early medieval Austrian populations.
He Held a Starter ERC Starter grant (2011-2015) for an interdisciplinary project which focused on the integration of ancient DNA methods, isotope analysis, anthropology and archaeology to the study of the biology, mobility and behaviour of past human populations during the last 45,000 years. This research led to >40 publications, and the analysis of human ancient DNA of over 3000 Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic human skeletons from across Eurasia, Africa and the Pacific.
He started his first lecturer position at Roehampton University, London, 2004-2007 and continued to a second lectureship position at the department of Archaeology, University College Cork, Ireland (2007-2012).
During 2012-2017 he was an Associate Professor at University College Dublin.
In July 2017 he started at his current position at the Department of Anthropology, University of Vienna.
Short Curriculum Vitae
1996 BA in Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Canada
1997 MA in Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology, KU Leuven, Belgium
2003 PhD in Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, UK
Honours and Awards
2010 Presidential Early Career Academic Achievement Award, University College Cork, Ireland
2017 The Fabio Frassetto International Prize in Physical Anthropology,Academia Nazionale dei Lincei (Rome)
Pinhasi R^., Stock J (eds.). 2011. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Wiley-Liss.
Pinhasi R^., Mays S. (eds.). 2008 Advances in Palaeopathology- methodological and biocultural perspectives. New York: Wiley-Liss.
Selected journal articles
Frantz LAF, Haile J, Lin AT, Scheu A, Georg C, Pinhasi R, Larson G. 2019. Ancient pigs reveal a near-complete genomic turnover following their introduction to Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, doi/10.1073/pnas.1901169116.
Gaudio D, Fernandes D, Schmidt R, Cheronet O, Mazzarelli D, Mattia M, OâKeef T, Feeney RNM, Cattaneo C, Pinhasi R. 2019. Genome-wide DNA from degraded petrous bones and the assessment of sex and probable geographic origins of forensic cases. Scientific Reports doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44638-w
Flegontov, P,â¦, Pinhasi R, Krause J, Reich D, Schiffels S. 2019. Paleo-Eskimo genetic legacy across North America. Nature doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1251-y
Stahlschmidt MC, Collin TC, Fernandes DM, Bar-Oz G, Belfer-Cohen A, Gao Z, Jakeli N, Matskevich Z, Meshveliani T, Pritchard J, McDermott F, Pinhasi R^. 2019. Ancient Mammalian and Plant DNA from Late Quaternary Stalagmite Layers at Solkota Cave, Georgia. Scientific Reports 9: 6628
Olaide Iâ¦, Pinhasi R, Lalueza-Fox C, Reich D. 2019. The genomic history of the Iberian Peninsula over the past 8000 years. Science 363:1230-1234.]
Pinhasi R, Fernandes D, Sirak K, Cheronet O. 2019. Isolating the human cochlea to generate bone powder for ancient DNA analysis. Nature Protocols / DOI: 10.1038/s41596-019-0137-7.
Wang CC, Reinhold S, Kalmykov AK, Wissgott A, Brandt G, â¦ Pinhasi R, â¦. 2019. Ancient human genome-wide data from a 3000-year interval in the Caucasus corresponds with eco-geographic regions. Nature Communications 10:590
Fernandes DM, Strapagiel D, BorÃ³wka P, Marciniak B, Å»Ä dziÅska E, Sirak K, Siska V, Grygiel R, Carlsson J, Manica A, Lorkiewicz W, Pinhasi R. 2018. A genomic Neolithic time transect of hunter-farmer admixture in central Poland. Scientific Reports. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-33067-w.
OÂ´Sullivan N, Posth C, Coia V , Schuenemann VJ , Price TD, Wahl J, Pinhasi R, Zink A, Krause J, Maixner F. 2018. Ancient genome wide analyses infer kinship structure in an Early Medieval Alemannic graveyard. Science Advances 4(9), eaao1262
Gamarra B, â¦ Pinhasi R. 2018. 5000 years of dietary variations of prehistoric farmers in the Great Hungarian Plain. PLoS One 13(5): e0197214
Lipson M,â¦, Pinhasi R, Reich D. 2018. Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory. Science 10.1126/science.aat3188
Lipson, M.,â¦, Pinhasi R, Reich D. et al. 2018. Population turnover in remote Oceania shortly after initial settlement. Current Biology 28:1157â1165
Olalde I, Brace S, Allentoft ME, Armit I, Kristiansen K,â¦ Pinhasi R, Haak W, Barnes I, Lalueza-Fox C, Reich D. 2018. The Beaker Phenomenon and the Genomic Transformation of Northwest Europe. Nature 555:190-196.
Mathieson I, Alpaslan Roodenberg S, Posth C, SzÃ©csÃ©nyi-Nagy A, Rohland N, â¦ Pinhasi R, Reich D. 2018. The Genomic History Of Southeastern Europe. Nature 555:197-203.
Macintosh AA, Pinhasi R, Stock JT. 2017. Prehistoric womenâs manual labor exceeded that of athletes through the first 5500 years of farming in Central Europe. Science Advances Vol. 3, no. 11,eaao3893, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aao3893
Skoglund P, Mittnick A, Sirak K, Hajdinjak M, Rohland N, â¦1, PÃ¤Ã¤bo S, Patterson N, Boivin N, Pinhasi R, Krause J, Reich D. 2017. Reconstructing Prehistoric African Population Structure. Cell 171:59-71.
Lazaridis I, Mittnik A, Patterson N, Mallick S, Rohland N, â¦ Pinhasi R, Reich D, Krause J, Stamatoyannopoulos G. 2017. Genetic origins of the Minoans and Mycenaeans. Nature 548:214â218.
Margherita C, Oxilia G, Barbi V, Panetta D, Hublin J-J, Lordkipanidze D, Meshveliani T, Jakeli N, Matskevich Z, Bar-Yosef O, Belfer-Cohen A, Pinhasi R, Benazzi S. 2017. Morphological description and morphometric analyses of the Upper Palaeolithic human remains from Dzudzuana and Satsurblia caves, western Georgia. Journal of Human Evolution 113:83-90.
GonzÃ¡lez-Fortes G, Jones ER, Lightfoot E, Bonsall C, Lazar C, Grandal-dâAnglade A, Garralda, MD, Drak L, Siska V, Simalcsik A, BoroneanÅ£ A, Vidal R, Juan R, Vaqueiro RodrÃguez M, Arias P, Pinhasi R, Manica A, Hofreiter M. 2017. Paleogenomic Evidence for Multi-generational Mixing between Neolithic Farmers and Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers in the Lower Danube Basin. Current Biology 27: 1801-1810.
Sirak KA, Fernandes DM, Cheronet O, Novak M, Gamarra B, Balassa T, Bernert Z, CsÃ©ki A, Dani J, Gallina JZ, KÅvÃ¡ri I, LÃ¡szlÃ³ O, Pap I, Patay R, Petkes Z, Szenthe G, Szeniczey T, Hajdu T, Pinhasi R. 2017. Cranial base drilling: A morphologically conservative access to human petrous bones for ancient DNA analysis. BioTechniques 62:283-289.
Meiklejohn C, Merrett D, Reich D, Pinhasi R. 2017. Direct dating of human skeletal material from Ganj Dareh, Early Neolithic of the Iranian Zagros. Journal of Archaeological Scientific Reports 12: 165-172
Beckers A, Fernandes D, Fina F, Novak M, Abati A, Rostomyan L, Thiry A, , Ouafik L, Pasture B, Pinhasi R, Daly AFS. 2017. Genetic Investigation of a Historical Case of X-Linked Acrogigantism. Endocrine-Related Cancer 22:353-367.
Fernandes D, Sirak K, Novak M, Finarelli J, Byrne J, Forensics Ireland, Carlsson JEL, Ferretti E, Pinhasi R, Carlsson J. 2017. The identification of a 1916 Irish Rebel: New approach for estimating relatedness from low coverage homozygous genomes. Scientific Reports 7:41529, doi: 10.1038/srep41529
Jones ER, Zarina G, Moiseyev, V, Lightfoot E, Nigst PR, Manica A, Pinhasi R, Bradley DG. 2017. The Neolithic transition in the Baltic was not driven by admixture with early European farmers. Current Biology 27:1-7.
Siska V, â¦ Pinhasi R, Bhak J, Manica A. 2017. Genome-wide data from two early Neolithic East Asian individuals dating to 7,700 years ago. Science Advances 3: e1601877.
Skoglund P, â¦ Pinhasi R, Reich D. 2016. Genomic insights into the peopling of the Southwest Pacific. Nature 538:510-513.
Cheronet O, Finarelli J, Pinhasi R. 2016. Morphological change in cranial shape following the transition to agriculture across western Eurasia. Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/srep33316.
OâSullivan NJ, Teasdale MD, Mattiangeli V, Maixner F, Pinhasi R, Bradley DG, Zink A. 2016. A whole mitochondria analysis of the Tyrolean Icemanâs leather provides insights into the animal sources of copper age clothing. Scientific Reports DOI: 10.1038/srep31279.
Lazaridis J, â¦ Pinhasi R, Reich D. 2016. Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East. Nature 536:419-424.
Gallego-Llorente M, Connell S, Jones ER, Merrett DC, Jeon, Y, Eriksson A, Siska V, Gamba C, Meiklejohn C, Beyer R, Jeon S, Cho YS, Hofreiter M, Bhak J, Manica A, Pinhasi R^ . 2016. The genetics of an early Neolithic pastoralist from the Zagros, Iran. Scientific Reports, DOI: 10.1038/srep31326
Galland M, Van Gerven D, von Cramon-Taubadel N, Pinhasi R. 2016. 11,000 years of craniofacial and mandibular variation in Lower Nubia. Scientific Reports DOI: 10.1038/srep31040
Ash A, Francken M, Pap I, Tvrdy Z, Wahl J, Pinhasi R. 2016. Regional differences in health, diet and weaning patterns amongst the first Neolithic farmers of central Europe. Scientific Reports 6: 29458, DOI: 10.1038/srep29458
Fu Q, â¦ Pinhasi R, Kelso J, Patterson N, Krause J, PÃ¤Ã¤bo S, Reich D. 2016. The genetic history of Ice Age Europe. Nature 534:200-205.
Macintosh AA, Pinhasi R, Stock JT. 2016. Early life conditions and physiological stress following the transition to farming in Central/Southeast Europe: Skeletal Growth impairment and 6000 years of gradual Recovery. PLoS One, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0148468.
Mathieson I, Lazaridis I, Rohland N, Mallick S, Patterson N, Alpaslan-Roodenberg S, Harney E, Stewardson K, Fernandes D, Novak M, Sirak K, Gamba C, Jones E, Llamas B, Dryomov S,
Pickrell J, Arsuaga JL, BermÃºdez de Castro JM, Carbonell E, Gerritsen F, Khokhlov A, Kuznetsov P, Lozano M, Meller H, Mochalov O, Moiseyev V, Rojo Guerra MA, Roodenberg J, VergÃ¨s JM, Krause J, Cooper A, Alt KW, Brown D, Anthony D, Lalueza-Fox C, Haak W, Pinhasi R^, Reich D. 2015. Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians. Nature 528:499-503.
Jones ER, Gonzalez-Fortes G, Connell S, Siska V, Eriksson A, Martiniano R, McLaughlin RL, Llorente MG, Cassidy L, Gamba C, Meshveliani T, Bar-Yosef, O, MÃ¼ller W, Belfer-Cohen A, Matskevich, Z, Jakeli N, Higham TFG, Currat M, Lordkipanidze D, Hofreiter M, Manica A, Pinhasi R, Bradley DG. 2015. Upper Palaeolithic genomes reveal deep roots of modern Eurasians. Nature Communications DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9912
Gallego Llorente M, Jones ER, Eriksson A, Siska V, Arthur J, Brock F, Coltorti M, Curtis M, Higham, TFG, Park Y, Pieruccini P, Stretton S , Stock JT, Hofreiter M, Bradley DG, Bhak J, Pinhasi R^, Manica A. 2015. Ancient Ethiopian genome reveals extensive Eurasian admixture in Eastern Africa. Science 350: 820-823.
Pinhasi R, Fernandes D, Sirak K, Novak M, Connell S, Alpaslan-Roodenberg S, Gerritsen F, Moiseyev V, Gromov A, Raczky P, Anders A, Pietrusewsky M, Rollefson G, Jovanovic M, Trinhhoang H, Bar-Oz G, Oxenham M, Matsumura H, Hofreiter M. 2015. Optimal ancient DNA yields from the inner ear part of the human petrous bone. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0129102.
Donoghue HD, Taylor GM, Marcsik A, MolnÃ¡r E, PÃ¡lfi G, Pap I, Teschler-Nicola M, Pinhasi R, Erdal YS, VelemÃnsky P, Likovsky J, Belcastro MG, Mariotti V, Riga A, Mauro Rubini M, Zaio P, Besra GS, Lee OY-C, Wu HHT, Minnikin DE, Bull ID, OâGrady J, Spigelman M. 2015. A migration-driven model for the historical spread of leprosy in Europe. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 31: 250-256.
Pinhasi R, Eshed V, von Cramon-Taubadel N. 2015. Incongruity between affinity patterns based on mandibular and lower dental dimensions following the transition to agriculture in the Near East, Anatolia and Europe. PLoS One, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.011730.
Macintosh AA, Pinhasi R, Stock JT. 2015. Declining tibial curvature parallels ~6150 years of decreasing mobility in Central European agriculturalists. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 157:260-275.
Macintosh AA, Pinhasi R, Stock JT. 2014. Divergence in male and female manipulative behaviours with the introduction of metallurgy in Central Europe. PLoS One 9: e112116.
Pinhasi R, Meshveliani T, Matskevich Z, Bar-Oz, G, Weissbrod L, Miller CE, Wilkinson, K, Lordkipanidze, D, Jakeli, N, Kvavadze, E, Higham TFG, Belfer-Cohen A. 2014. Satsurblia: new insights about human response and survival across the Last Glacial Maximum in the southern Caucasus. PLoS One 9: e111271.
Gamba C, â¦ Pinhasi R. 2014. Genomic flux and stasis during five millennia of Hungarian prehistory. Nature Communications 5:1-9, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6257.
Macintosh AA, Pinhasi R, Stock JT. 2014. Lower limb skeletal biomechanics track long-term decline in mobility across 6150 years of agriculture in Central Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science 52:376-390.
Adler DS, Wilkinson KN, Blockley S, Mark D, Pinhasi R, Schmidt-Magee BA, Yeritsyan B, Nahapetyan S, Mallol C, Berna F, Glauberman PJ, Raczynski-Henk Y, Cullen V, Frahm E, JÃ¶ris O, Macloud A, Smith V, Gasparian B. 2014. Early Levallois Technology and the Transition from the Lower to Middle Palaeolithic in the Southern Caucasus. Science 345:1609-1613.
Higham, T.F.G., â¦ Pinhasi, R, Jacobi, R. 2014. The timing and spatio-temporal patterning of Neanderthal disappearance. Nature 512: 306â309.
Martiniano, R, Coelho, R, Ferreira, MT, Neves, MJ, Pinhasi R, Bradley DG. 2014. Genetic Evidence of African Slavery at the Beginning of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. Scientific Reports DOI: 10.1038/srep05994.
Brewster C., Meiklejohn, C., von Cramon-Taubadel, N., Pinhasi, R. 2014. Craniometric analysis of European Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic samples supports discontinuity at the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature Communications DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5094
von Cramon-Taubadel N, Stock JT, Pinhasi R. 2013. Skull and limb morphology differentially track population history and environmental factors in the transition to agriculture in Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280:1-7.
Pinhasi R, Nioradze M, Tushabramishvilli N, Lordkipanidze D, Pleurdeau D, Moncel M-H, Adler DS, Stringer S, Higham TFG. 2012. New chronology for the Middle Palaeolithic of the Southern Caucasus suggests early demise of Neanderthals in this region. Journal of Human Evolution 63: 770-780.
Pinhasi R, Thomas M, Currat M, Hofreiter M, Burger J. 2012. The genetic history of Europeans. Trends in Genetics 28:495-505.
Pinhasi R, Gasparian B., Nahapetyan S., Bar-Oz G., Weissobrod L., Bruch A., Hovsepyan R., Wlkinson K. 2011. Middle Palaeolithic human occupation of the high altitude region of Hovk-1, Armenia. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 3846-3857.
Pinhasi R, Higham, TFG, Golovanova LV, Doronichev VB. 2011. Revised age of late Neanderthal occupation and the end of the Middle Palaeolithic in the northern Caucasus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108:8611-8616.
von Cramon-Taubadel N, Pinhasi R. 2011. Craniometric data supports a mosaic model of demic and cultural Neolithic diffusion to outlying regions of Europe. Proceedings of Royal Society B 278:2874-2880.
Blockley, SPE, Pinhasi R. 2011. A revised chronology for the adoption of agriculture in the Southern Levant and the role of Lateglacial climatic change. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 98-108.
Pinhasi R, Gasparian B, Areshian G, Zardaryan D, Smith A, Bar-Oz G, Higham T. 2010. First Direct Evidence of Chalcolithic Footwear from the Near Eastern Highlands. PLoS ONE 5: e10984.
Eshed, V., Gopher A, Pinhasi R, Hershkovitz, H. 2010. Paleopathology and the origin of agriculture in the Levant. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:121-133.
Pinhasi R, von Cramon-Taubadel N. 2009. Craniometric data supports demic diffusion model for the spread of agriculture into Europe. PLoS ONE 4:e6747.
Pinhasi R, Gasparian B., Wilkinson K., Bailey R., Bar-Oz, G., Bruch, A., Chataigner, C., Hoffmann, D., Hovsepyan, R., Nahapetyan S., Pike A.W.G., Schreve D., Stephens, M. 2008. Hovk 1 and the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic of Armenia: a preliminary chronological framework. Journal of Human Evolution 55: 803â816.
Pinhasi R, Shaw P, Eshed V. 2008 Evolutionary changes in the masticatory apparatus following the transition to farming in the Levant. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 135: 136â148.
Pinhasi R, Foley R.A., Donoghue H. 2006. Reconsidering the Antiquity of Leprosy. Science 312:846.
Pinhasi R, Fort J., Ammerman A.J. 2005. Tracing the origin and spread of agriculture in Europe. PLoS Biology 3(12): e410.
Editorial Board Member
PLoS One (2014-)
Current Research Interests
- Human evolution, variation, demographic history and microeveoluion
- Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition in the Caucasus
- Health in past populations and the evolution of pathogens and disease (ancient DNA studies of pathogens)
- Palaeogenetics: population history, selection, phylogeography
- Variability in human growth and development in past populations
- The origins and spread of agriculture in the Near East, Anatolia and Europe
Previous Research Projects
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Charting early modern human survival, competition and adaptation in the Caucasus and Eastern Europe in the face of climatic oscillations and unfavourable environments
Start Date / End Date : 01-MAY-13 / 31-OCT-14
Sponsor : EC Framework (FP7)
Title : From the earliest modern humans to the onset of farming (45,000-4,500 BP): the role of climate, life-style, health, migration and selection in shaping European population history (ADNABIOARC)
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-12 / 31-DEC-15
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Equipment & light lab construction work for a new Human aDNA laboratory
Start Date / End Date : 07-MAY-13 / 06-MAY-14
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Analyses of the quality of life in Europe during the Early Middle Ages (AD 500-1100) - Comparisons between human skeletal series from Ireland and Croatia based on bioarchaeological, ancient DNA and stable isotope data
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-13 / 30-SEP-15
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Population variation following the Neolithic revolution: assessing the palaeogenetics of southern Europeans throughout the Neolithic
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-13 / 30-SEP-17
I have developed over these years a network of collaboration with leading scientists in the fields of paleogenomics, physical anthropology, and archaeology. It includes running projects and funding from the laboratories of David Reich (Harvard) and Jonathan Pritchard (Stanford), as well as close collaboration with the aDNA laboratory at Jilin University China. I am also collaborating on aDNA projects with Pontus Skoglund, Francis Kriek Institute, London, and with Liran Carmel, Hebrew University, Israel. I am also collaborating on research project with George Perry, Penn State University on the genetics and phenotypic variation of stature, health and growth in past populations. . I am also collaborating with Tom Higham, Oxford, Douglas Kennett, Penn State U, and Michael Dee, Groningen on the study of isotopic fractionantion (mainly carbon and nitrogen), collagen yields, and aDNA optimisation. At the University of Vienna, I am collaborating with Gerhard Weber on microCT scans of bones, and aDNA extraction and optimisation from both archaic homo and modern humans.
I have been collaborating for the past 13 years with Prof. Maria Teschler Nicola at the Department of Anthropology, Natural History Museum, Vienna, on anthropological and paleogenetic projects on Neolithic Bronze Age and Iron Age European populations and ancient Egyptians. The international research also involves collaborative agreements/MOUs with researchers from Mongolia, China, India, Russia, Albania, Italy, Slovakia, Serbia, Cuba, Colombia, and Brazil