ZUM GELEIT

FORUM ARCHAEOLOGIAE 55 / VI / 2010
Kulturgüterschutz betrifft nicht ausschließlich Monumente und Artefakte vergangener Zeit sondern in gleicher Weise die Menschen und deren Identität im Hier und Jetzt. In diesem Rahmen kommt es jedoch zu vielfältige Konfliktszenarien, die bei der internationalen Konferenz "Archaeology in Conflict" im April 2010 in Wien diskutiert wurden.
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Forum Archaeologiae: http://farch.net FORUM ARCHAEOLOGIAE
Zeitschrift für klassische
Archäologie.
AT-AWARD 1999 Nähere Informationen

NÄCHSTE AUSGABE
56 / IX / 2010




PREFACE


ARCHAEOLOGY IN CONFLICT - SETTING THE AGENDA

The protection of cultural heritage is not merely about monuments and artifacts but about people and identity. Consequently, preserving cultural heritage is not about the past but concerns the present and future ... [mehr]

Friedrich T. Schipper,
Magnus T. Bernhardsson



PROGRAM
"It's MY heritage": DIFFERING VIEWS ON RECOVERING MATERIALS FROM CONFLICT SITES

There seem to be two lines of ethics on conflict sites; one is on the professional side, the other is on the public side and reconciliation is definitely ... [mehr]

Lawrence E. Babits

COMMEMORATING THE 'COMMON MAN' AS AN ETHICAL RESEACH GOAL IN CONFLICT ARCHAEOLOGY

History shows that social status or class not only shape individual and collective experiences of war, but also how those lost in war are remembered. Before ... [mehr]

Michael Bletzer

ETHICAL ASPECTS OF THE PHENOMENON OF ILLICIT TRAFFIC IN CULTURAL GOODS

he phenomenon of illicit traffic in cultural goods has been internationally present since ancient times. Through history this phenomenon persists in the centuries ahead ... [mehr]

Krste Bogoeski

TO EMBED OR NOT TO EMBED?: ARCHAEOLOGISTS, CULTURAL HERITAGE MANAGERS AND THE UNITED STATES MILITARY

Recently the United States Senate has taken steps to ratify the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. According to Article 7 ... [mehr]

Allison Cuneo

MESOPOTAMIAN COLLECTIONS IN ITALY: THE PROBLEM OF PROVENANCE INSIDE THE DIALECTIC BETWEEN WEST AND EAST

Since 1995, the ICEVO = Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà dell'Egeo e del Vicino Oriente of Italian CNR has been working on a research project aimed at identifying ... [mehr]

Silvana Di Paolo

ILLICIT TRADE AND INTERPOL

Why cultural property crime? There are a lot of different art crimes, theft, robbery, fraud, damage of works of art, receiving of stolen objects and the illegal ... [mehr]

Anita Gach

PROJECT ORCHID
Cultural Heritage Protection in the Contingency Environment

The need for an effort like Project ORCHID was shown by headline events in Iraq after the U.S. invasion in 2003: looting of the National Museum, damage from military ... [mehr]

Paul R. Green

SAMPLES OF NGOS' INITIATIVES IN THE PROTECTION OF THE CULTURAL HERITAGE BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER CONFLICTS IN RECENT YEARS

As it is known, in the 15th century Renaissance developed in Italy and Industrial Revolution started and developed in England in the 18th century. Within this period, ... [mehr]

Saadet Guner

THE ROLE OF A NGO TO COUNTER INCREASING ILLICIT SALES OF CULTURAL OBJECTS THROUGH THE INTERNET

Electronic trade (e-trade) can be described as; "Without the need for direct physical connection or physical trading processes, all kind of commercial affair ... [mehr]

Saadet Guner

MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATURK AND CULTURAL HERITAGE: THE EXPERIENCE OF PAST WARS FOR NEXT GENERATION

In 1981, the centennial of Atatürk's birth, the memory of Atatürk was honored by UN and UNESCO by declaring it The Atatürk Year in the World. In one of the justifications ... [mehr]

Saadet Guner, Melek Yildizturan

CYPRIOT ANTIQUITIES RESCUE FROM THE TURKISH DEEP STATE: THE RESCUE OF FORGERIES, AND THE DEATH OF STEPHANOS STEPHANOU

Looting of Cypriot cultural heritage has been a problem since the Nineteenth Century, but a paramilitary-controlled illicit antiquities trade ... [mehr]

Sam Hardy

PROTECTING THE PAST, PROTECTING THE FUTURE

Events in the Balkans were an important turning point in our understanding of the complexity of cultural heritage issues. Now, at a certain distance ... [mehr]

Valerie Higgins

ARCHAEOLOGY IN CONFLICT AND UNESCO - LEGAL ASPECTS

Jan Hladík's paper focuses on certain legal aspects of the archaeology in conflict. It is divided into two parts. The first part dwells upon legal instruments ... [mehr]

UNESCO

THE MILITARY'S ROLE IN SEIZING WAR BOOTY AND PROTECTING CULTURAL TREASURES

Any military can expect a torrent of international condemnations if it damages or destroys a cultural treasure. The expectation towards the military to pay attention ... [mehr]

Anikó Kapornaki

ARCHAEOLOGICAL INVENTORIES AND CULTURAL HERITAGE MANAGEMENT IN THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES

This paper's topic is a database of all archaeological sites excavated and surveyed by Israel in the West Bank and East Jerusalem since 1967. This database project, ... [mehr]

Adi Keinan

RENEWED OWNERSHIP: RENOVATION OF HISTORICAL PALACE IN AFGHANISTAN SHOWS TO BE A MEANS FOR SOCIAL, CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

In 2006 the Centre for International Heritage Activities in The Netherlands has been appointed by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs to identify, develop and coordinate ... [mehr]

Hanna Leijen

A STUDENT PERSPECTIVE

Students play unique roles in the dilemmas and developments related to the topic of "Archaeology and Conflict". As observers, we are learning from the efforts of experienced ... [mehr]

Dru McGill

THE ROLE OF ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF CONTESTED DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS: A CASE STUDY FROM THE AFRICAN CONTINENT

Archaeologists worldwide are increasingly drawn into violent conflict not only in the context of wars. One further setting are contested development projects, ... [mehr]

Claudia Näser, Cornelia Kleinitz

ARCHAEOLOGY AND CONFLICT: QUESTIONS FOR SCIENTIFIC ORGANIZATIONS

The American Anthropological Association (AAA) has placed increasing emphasis on engaging with and protecting of the interests of subjects. The Archaeology Division ... [mehr]

Ben A. Nelson

THE ART OF CULTURAL INTELLIGENCE: INTELLIGENCE FOR COUNTERING THREATS TO CULTURAL PROPERTY IN CONFLICT

Non-state actors exploit the symbolic significance and financial value of cultural patrimony to tactical advantage. Tactical exploitation during armed conflict also contributes to ... [mehr]

Erik Nemeth

THE FUTURE OF BABYLON: MANAGEMENT PLANNING AT BABYLON, IRAQ

In 2005, World Monuments Fund (WMF) was approached by the Cultural Heritage Center of the US State Department, in order to manage a project aimed at developing ... [mehr]

Alessandra Peruzzetto, Jeff Allen, Gina Haney, Gaetano Palumbo

NARRATIVES OF BRAVERY AND FEAR. THE MASADA MYTH

The ancient fortress of Masada, constructed by the Jewish King Herod (73-4 BCE), situated to the south of the oasis and provincial town of Ein Gedi at the shore of the Dead Sea ... [mehr]

Magdalena Pfaffl

WHOSE SIDE ARE YOU ON BOYS?
The problem for embedded anthropologists in the US Human Terrain System teams

The information which follows is drawn from the notes of a participant in the November 2009 entry training programme for the Human Terrain System ... [mehr]

Jon Price

FOCKE-WULF FROM NYNICE - THE EXCAVATION OF A GERMAN AIRCRAFT

Already before the excavation itself we found out that we are dealing with a German aircraft Focke-Wulf FW 190, shot down by the American air-fighters on the 8th May ... [mehr]

Michal Rak, Jan Vladar

A CASE STUDY IN CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION IN A TIME OF WAR
The Ziggurat at Aqar Quf

This presentation provides a first person summary of US Army activities during Task Force Iron Gimlet (TFIG) formed in Dec. 2008 to encourage community improvement efforts ... [mehr]

Benjamin A. Roberts

ARCHAEOLOGY AND POLITICS IN PALESTINE: AN OUTSIDER'S PERSPECTIVE

The region of the so-called "Bible lands" has awakened the interest of the Western world for a long time. Its religious appeal has always been highlighted, but ... [mehr]

Gabriella Barbosa Rodrigues

ARCHAEOLOGY CONTESTED: WAYS TO REMEMBER ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS

I would like to start by drawing attention to a statistical information that I think is intriguing in the history of Turkish museums. Thirty-eight archaeological ... [mehr]

Ozge Sade-Mete

THE NEXT GENERATION PROJECT: DISCUSSING ARCHAEOLOGY IN CONFLICT

We created the Next Generation Project for younger and emerging professionals in the field of archaeology in order to foster an open dialogue that encourages universal ... [mehr]

Ashley Sands, Kristin Butler

ARCHAEOLOGY AND SOCIAL CONFLICT: ILLEGAL APPROPRIATION OF LAND AND PROTECTION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE IN PERU

Social conflicts can be considered very similar to conventional armed conflicts. In both cases archaeological heritage is endangered due to a lack of authority in the area and the different interests ... [mehr]

Daniel Dante Saucedo Segami

PROTECTION OF CULTURAL PROPERTY IN THE AUSTRIAN ARMED FORCES
Research and Instruction


The Austrian Armed Forces are the only forces worldwide that have introduced a "Liasion Officer for the Protection of Cultural Property" (LO/PCP), in accordance ... [mehr]

Hubert Speckner

PATTERNS OF ART THEFT, LOOTING AND PLUNDERING OF CULTURAL PROPERTY

Art theft, looting and plundering of cultural objects and property is not a phenomenon of our time. In the 12th century B.C. the law code of Hammurabi was removed from Babylon to Susa ... [mehr]

Hubert D. Szemethy

PROTECTING ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE IN AN "OASIS OF STABILITY"
Potential Threats to the Archaeology of the United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates, a federation of seven emirates on the southeast tip of the Arabian peninsula, prides itself on its record of rapid modern ... [mehr]

Jeffrey J. Szuchman

ICCROM'S INTERNATIONAL COURSE ON FIRST AID TO CULTURAL HERITAGE IN TIMES OF CONFLICT

In the past decades, armed conflicts worldwide have involved deliberate or accidental damage to cultural heritage. Although it is often used to sharpen existing ... [mehr]

Aparna Tandon, Simon Lambert

ARCHEOLOGY AS MEMORY PRACTICE AND THE ARCHEOLOGIZATION OF POLITICS

In recent years the discipline of archeology has increasingly come to realize the political contexts of dealing with the past. This has brought archeology into contact with the neighbouring ... [mehr]

Bjørn Thomassen

LEGAL PROBLEMS OF THE CULTURAL HERITAGE PROTECTION IN TURKEY

An investigation into the legal possibilities for the protection of archaeological cultural property seems in particular to make sense if - apart from an analysis ... [mehr]

Suzan Topal-Gökceli

LEGAL LIMITATIONS OF THE RIGHTS OF INTERNATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXPEDITIONS IN THE UKRAINE

The history of archaeological excavations on the territory of Crimea (Ukraine) numbers few centuries. In addition to the traditional and the most prestigious sectors ... [mehr]

Tatyana Umrikhina

HILLFORTS IN TIMES OF WAR: LOST CULTURAL SPACES

The end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 marked a change in the function of prehistoric hillforts in Britain. The use of beacon fires on hilltop sites as signalling devices ... [mehr]

Rebecca Welshman

THE ROLE OF CULTURE IN POST-CONFLICT AND POST-DISASTER SITUATIONS

Early 2010 the Netherlands National Committee for UNESCO organised an expert meeting to discuss the role of culture in the various stages of community development ... [mehr]

Carol Westrik, Sieta Neuerburg

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