Forum Archaeologiae - Zeitschrift für klassische Archäologie 55 / VI / 2010



Opening Session
Chairperson Michael F. Pfeifer, General Secretary of the Foreign Policy and United Nations Association Austria and President of the United Nations Youth and Student Association Austria
Claire Smith, President of the World Archaeological Congress
Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen, President of the Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield
Welcome and opening
Friedrich T. Schipper, Univ. of Vienna & Austrian National Committees of the Blue Shield
Magnus T. Bernhardsson, University of Iceland and Williams College, U.S.A.
Archaeology in conflict: setting the agenda. The protection of cultural heritage as an element of conflict solution and peace building
Elisabeth Trinkl, independent researcher, Austria Forum Archaeologiae - on publishing the proceedings of this conference
Sinje C. Stoyke, International Commission on Missing Persons, Baghdad, Iraq Experiences as an archaeologist on mass graves in Iraq and in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Claire Smith, World Archaeological Congress & Flinders University, Australia
Archaeology in conflict: what role for scientific societies and academic institutions
Dorothy Lippert, Smithsonian Institution
Dru McGill, WAC Junior Representative & Indiana University
Ben A. Nelson, American Anthropological Ass. & Arizona State University
Peter G. Stone, UK National Commission for UNESCO & Newcastle University
Welcome Reception
Jubilee session: 30 years Austrian Society for the Protection of Cultural Property
Entrust of the Presidency of the International League to the Austrian Society for the Protection of Cultural Property
Chairperson Franz Schuller (Austrian Society for the Protection of Cultural Property)
Friedrich T. Schipper (University of Vienna and Austrian National Committee of the Blue Shield)
Johannes Kyrle, General Secretary
On behalf of the Austrian Federal Ministry of European and International Affairs
Greeting Address
Jan Hladik, UNESCO
On behalf of the UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Culture
Greeting Address
Maria Teresa Dutli, ICRC - International Committee of the Red Cross Greeting Address
Roland Stachowiak, German Society for the Protection of Cultural Property The importance of international cooperation for the protection of cultural heritage: the International League of National Societies for the Protection of Cultural Property
Gerhard Sladek, Austrian Society for the Protection of Cultural Property Private initiatives and cultural property protection: 30 years "Austrian Society for the Protection of Cultural Property"
Norbert Fürstenhofer, Austrian Society for the Protection of Cultural Property The protection of cultural heritage in the context natural disaster relief missions
Jubilee session: 75 years of the Roerich Pact
Chairperson Leylya M. Strobl (Austrian Roerich Society)
Friedrich T. Schipper (University of Vienna and Austrian National Committee of the Blue Shield)
Alexander V. Zmeyevskiy, Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to International Organizations in Vienna Greeting Address
Leylya M. Strobl, Austrian Roerich Society The Legacy of the Roerich Pact
Alexey V. Postnikov, the International Centre-Museum by name of N.K. Roerich The contribution of Nicholas Roerich to the global cultural heritage
Leylya M. Strobl, Austrian Roerich Society
Friedrich T. Schipper, University of Vienna, Austria
Opening of the exhibition dedicated to the 75th anniversary of the Roerich Pact
Lunch Reception
Hosted by the Austrian Roerich Society and the International Centre-Museum by name of N. K. Roerich in Moscow on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the Roerich Pact.
Archaeology in Conflict and International Law
Chairperson Patty Gerstenblith (DePaul University, U.S.A.)
Alexander Gillespie (University of Waikato, New Zealand)
Patty Gerstenblith, De Paul University, U.S.A. Archaeology in conflict and international law
Christoph Bazil, Federal Ministry for Education, Art and Culture, Austria New Austrian guidelines for implementing the 1954 Hague Convention and its Protocols
Suzan Topal-Gökceli, University of Vienna, Austria The Turkish law on the protection of cultural heritage - problems and perspectives
Tatyana Umrikhina, Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine Legal limitations of the rights of international archaeological expeditions in the Ukraine
Alexander Gillespie, University of Waikato, New Zealand The protection of sites of cultural significance in times of war: the failure of law and the challenge of the 21st century
UNESCO, International Organizations and NGOs 1
Chairperson Jan Hladik (UNESCO)
Franz Schuller (Austrian Society for the Protection of Cultural Property)
Jan Hladik, UNESCO Archaeology in conflict and UNESCO - legal aspects
Carol Westrik, Netherlands National Commission for UNESCO The role of culture in post-conflict and post-disaster situations
Maria Teresa Dutli, ICRC - International Committee of the Red Cross The International Committee of the Red Cross and the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict
Cristina Menegazzi, ICOM - International Council of Museums Disaster risk management and cultural heritage
Aparna Tandon, Simon Lambert,
ICCROM - International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property
ICCROM's program on 'First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict'
UNESCO, International Organizations and NGOs 2
Chairperson Jan Hladik (UNESCO)
Franz Schuller (Austrian Society for the Protection of Cultural Property)
Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen, Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield The NGO network of the Blue Shield
Cori Wegener, U.S. Committee of the Blue Shield Implementing the 1954 Hague Convention: the role of Blue Shield national committees
Saadet Guner, Friends of Cultural Heritage Turkey Samples of NGOs' initiatives in the protection of the cultural heritage before, during and after conflicts in recent years
René Teijgeler, Culture in Development, The Netherlands Please, drive careful! Traffic rules for archaeologists in a conflict zone
Evening Reception
Hosted by the Military Commander of Vienna, Brig-Gen Dr. Karl Schmidseder, in cooperation with the President of the Austrian Society for the Protection of Cultural Property, Brig-Gen Norbert Fürstenhofer,
on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the Austrian Society for the Protection of Cultural Property at the Casino of the Maria Theresien-Kaserne, Am Fasangarten 2, 1130 Vienna.
Archaeology in Conflict and the Military 1
Chairpersons Laurie Rush (U.S. Army)
Matthew Bogdanos (U.S. Marine Corps)
Laurie Rush, U.S. Army Accomplishments through partnership, the US DoD 2008-2010
Serena Bellew, U.S. Department of Defense US DOD policy, partnership, and beyond
Sarah H. Parcak, and Gregory D. Mumford, University of Alabama Birmingham, U.S.A. How to form an academic partnership with the US DoD: the archaeology of the future?
James Zeidler, Colorado State University, U.S.A. On site heritage training in the Middle East
Diane C. Siebrandt, U.S. Department of State Saving the ancient city of Kish and the role of US military
Hubert Speckner, National Defence Academy, Austria MilPCP in teaching and training in the Austrian Armed Forces
Archaeology in Conflict and the Military 2
Chairperson Matthew Bogdanos (U.S. Marine Corps)
Laurie Rush (U.S. Army)
Erik Nemeth, Independent Researcher, U.S.A. The Art of Cultural Intelligence: intelligence for countering threats to cultural property in conflict
Benjamin A. Roberts, University of Georgia, U.S.A. A case study in cultural heritage protection in a time of war
Christopher L. McDaid, U.S. Army The role of military heritage managers as a bridge between the academy and war fighter
Joris Kila, Ministry of Defense, The Netherlands Cultural Property Protection within the military, international military cooperation initiatives experiences in theatre, operational aspects legal aspects, restraints and challenges
Hans-Jürgen Kasselmann, Civil-Military Co-operation Centre of Excellence PCP in the context of future multinational military operations - a CIMIC endeavour in a comprehensive context
Dominik Horn, Federal Ministry of Defence, Austria Military guideline for protecting cultural property and safeguarding cultural heritage
The Ethics of Conflict Archaeology
Chairperson John Carman (University of Birmingham, United Kingdom)
Larry Babits, East Carolina University, U.S.A. "It's MY heritage": differing views on recovering materials from conflict sites
Michael Bletzer, Southern Methodist University, U.S.A. Constructive bias in conflict archaeology? Commemorating the 'Common Man' as an ethical research goal
Andy Brockman, University of Bristol, United Kingdom Taking a view: acknowledging and debating multiple viewpoints in the archaeology of modern conflict
John Carman, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom What role is there for a moral stand in conflict archaeology? Or: What can conflict archaeology contribute to debates about the morality of violence?
Militarized or Embedded Cultural Heritage Experts, Archaeologists and Anthropologists: on Ethics and Perspectives of the Profession
Chairperson Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen (Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield, The Hague, The Netherlands)
Sinje C. Stoyke (International Commission on Missing Persons, Baghdad, Iraq)
Allison E. Cuneo, Boston University, U.S.A. The ethics of embedding: cultural heritage experts in the armed forces
Jon Price, Northumbria University, United Kingdom, in consultation with
John Allison, independent researcher, U.S.A.
Which side are you on boys? The problem for embedded archaeologists and anthropologists
Special UN-event
H.E., the Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization, Ban Ki-moon
Special Lecture,
delivered at the "Alter Reichsratssitzungssaal" of the Austrian Parliament
Archaeology in Conflict in the Middle East 1
Chairperson Magnus Bernhardsson (University of Iceland and Williams College, U.S.A.)
Rainer Feldbacher, University of Vienna, Austria Traces of destruction: ancient warfare, archaeology and modern land reclamation in the Holy Land
Magdalena Pfaffl, University of Vienna, Austria Narratives of bravery and fear: the Masada myth
Lorenzo Nigro, La Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy 10,000 years of archaeology in Palestine: recent discoveries of the Italian-Palestinian Expedition at Tell es-Sultan, ancient Jericho
Adi Keinan, University College London, United Kingdom Archaeological inventories and cultural heritage management in the Occupied Palestinian Territories
Gabriella Rodrigues, State University of Campinas, Brazil Archaeology and politics in Palestine: an outsider's perspective
Archaeology in Conflict in the Middle East 2
Chairperson Gebhard Selz (University of Vienna, Austria)
Leila Papoli Yazdi, Bualisina University, Iran The birth of a symbol among the Iranians conflict
Maryam Dezhamkhooy, University of Tehran, Iran War and creation of meta narratives in totalitarian systems: towards archaeology of recent wars
Maryam Rezaian and Vahid Parastesh,
University of Tehran, Iran
The role of aboriginal archaeology in approval conventions against mining
Howayda al-Harithy, American University of Beirut, Lebanon Reclaiming the past and post war reconstruction in southern Lebanon
Alessandra Peruzzetto, Jeff Allen, Gina Haney, Gaetano Palumbo,
World Monument Fund
The Future of Babylon Project: management planning at Babylon, Iraq
Archaeology in Conflict in the Middle East 3
Chairperson Peter G. Stone (UK National Commission for UNESCO and Newcastle Univ.)
Jeffrey Szuchman, Zayed University, United Arab Emirates Protecting archaeological heritage in an oasis of stability: potential threats to the archaeology of the United Arab Emirates
Claudia Näser, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: a case-study on the role of archaeology in the context of contested development projects
Ozge Sade-Mete, University of Washington, U.S.A. Archaeology contested: ways to remember Anatolian civilizations
Muhammad Mehdi Tavassoli, University of Sistan & Baluchistan, Iran Archaeology and recent wars
François Langlois, UNESCO Protection of cultural and archaeological heritage during conflicts: the case of Afghanistan
Hanna Leijen, Centre for International Heritage Activities, The Netherlands Renewed ownership: renovation of historical palace in Afghanistan shows to be a means for social, cultural and economic development
Illicit Trade in Cultural Property and Internet Sales
Chairpersons Anita Gach (Criminal Intelligence Service - Interpol Vienna, Austria)
Katharyn Hanson (University of Chicago, USA)
Hubert D. Szemethy, University of Vienna, Austria Patterns of art theft and looting of cultural property
Patty Gerstenblith, De Paul University, U.S.A. Illicit trade in cultural property and international law
Katharyn Hanson, University of Chicago, U.S.A. Illicit trade of cultural property and the internet
Saadet Guner, Friends of Cultural Heritage Turkey The Role of a NGO to counter increasing illicit sales of cultural objects through the internet
Sam Hardy, University of Sussex, United Kingdom Cypriot antiquities rescue from the Turkish deep state: the rescue of forgeries, and the death of Stephanos Stephanou
Michael Müller-Karpe, Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz, Germany Archaeologists in conflict: to buy or not to buy. The Sumerian gold vessel from Munich, a case study for dealing with unprovenaced antiquities
Krste Bogoeski, Macedonian National Committee of the Blue Shield Ethical Aspects of the Phenomenon of Illicit Traffic in Cultural Goods?
Anita Gach, Criminal Intelligence Service - Interpol Vienna, Austria Illicit trade and Interpol
The Balkans and Beyond
Chairperson Valerie Higgins (The American University of Rome, Italy)
Valerie Higgins, The American University of Rome, Italy Protecting the past, protecting the future
Alvaro Higueras, Simon Fraser University, Canada (UN Mission in Kosovo) Aid and reconstruction of heritage in the context of post-conflict societies: Kosovo and Bosnia-Herzegovina
Oliver J. Gilkes, University of East Anglia, United Kingdom Albania: a land which all admire but many dread to view
Björn Thomassen, The American University of Rome, Italy Istria: Cultural heritage and collective memory
Archaeology of Past Conflicts
Chairperson Jon Price Northumbria University, United Kingdom
Manal Massaud, Menoufiya University, Egypt Archaeological evidence on the impact of political conflict over the portrait statues of kings - from the beginning of history until the New Kingdom in Ancient Egypt
Alexandre Guida Navarro, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, Brazil Kukulcan and Kakupacal: captains of Chichen Itza
Rebecca Welshman, University of Exeter, United Kingdom Hillforts in times of war: lost cultural spaces
Michal Rak, Jan Vladar,
University of West Bohemia, Czech Republic
The Focke-Wulf from Nynice - excavation of a German WWII fighter plane shot down near Pilsen on May 8, 1945
Peter G. Stone, UK National Commission for UNESCO & Newcastle Univ. Rivers, Woolley, Rumsfeld, Chilcot ... characters in search of a resolution. A historical survey on the political role of cultural heritage for the military in conflict in the 20th century
Mhairi Sutherland, Graduate School of Arts and Media Dublin, Ireland Arc of Fire - What are the visible and invisible archaeologies of conflict in the landscape and how may these be contextualized and represented through arts practice?
The Next Generation: Discussing Archaeology in Conflict
Chairpersons Ashley Sands, Kristin Butler
(University of Southern California, U.S.A.)
Ashley Sands, Kristin Butler,
University of Southern California, U.S.A.
The Next Generation Project
Saadet Guner, Friends of Cultural Heritage Turkey,
Melek Yildizturan, Museum of Anatolian Civilization, Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and cultural heritage: the experience of past wars for the next generation
Anikó Kapornaki, Eötvös Loránd University Budapest, Hungary From plundering to cultural heritage protection
Daniel Saucedo-Segami, Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Japan Archaeology and social conflict: illegal appropriation of land and protection of archaeological heritage in Peru
Ndukuyakhe Ndlovu, Newcastle University, United Kingdom Archaeology at crossroads - an armed or 'peaceful society'?
Closing session: Archaeology in Conflict - What Role for the Scientific Community
Chairperson C. Adebayo Folorunso (University of Ibadan, Nigeria, and Vice-President of WAC)
Farewell Reception


Martin Brown, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom
Part of the training landscape: cultural heritage as training resource for the British Army

Claire Casey, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
Hell hath no fury: the archaeology of warrior women

Rachel Carmen Ceasar, University of California, Berkeley, U.S.A.
Over my dead body: resurrection of history and memory at the gravesite

Wolfgang Danspeckgruber, Princeton University, U.S.A.
Cultural heritage, culture conflict, and cultural diplomacy

S. Di Paolo, ICEVO - CNR, Rome
Mesopotamian Collections in Italy: The Problem of Provenance Inside the Dialectic between West and East

Paul Green, U.S. Air Force
Project ORCHID

Neha Gupta, McGill University, Canada
Understanding past conflicts: an investigative approach to mass grave excavation at Parc Safari, Quebec, Canada

Ayman M. S. Hassouna, Algeria University, Algeria
Archaeological sites and their vulnerability to conflict in the Gaza Strip, the problems and solutions

Mazen Iwais, Almashad, Palestine
The New Generation of Palestinian archaeology

Andrzej Jakubowski, European University Institute, Italy
Public art collections in conflict: war victims and limits of state immunity

Adam M. Levine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Global Database of Antiquities

Ali Tamer Ürüm, independent researcher, Turkey
The 19th century plundering of archaeological artifacts from Turkey by British, French and German imperial excavators

© Friedrich Schipper