**Commutative Algebra**

**SS 2023**

**Dietrich Burde**

**Lectures:** Monday and Thursday 11:30 - 13:00 in Seminarraum 12

This page contains informations and pdf-files for this lecture.

Commutative algebra studies commutative rings, their ideals, and modules over such rings.
It has a long and fascinating history, and it is also a fundamental basis
for algebraic geometry, invariant theory and algebraic number theory.
In the second half of the 19th century, two concrete classes of commutative rings
(and their ideal theory) marked the beginning of commutative algebra:
rings of integers of algebraic number fields, on the one hand, and
polynomial rings occurring in classical algebraic geometry and invariant theory, on the
other hand.
In the first half of the 20th century, after the basics of abstract algebra had been
established, commutative algebra was developed further by E. Noether, E. Artin, W. Krull,
B. L. van der Waerden, and others. This was applied in the 1940's to classical
algebraic geometry by C. Chevalley, O. Zariski, and A. Weil, creating a revolution in this field.
The 1950's and 1960's saw the development of the structural theory of local rings,
the foundations of algebraic multiplicity theory, Nagata's counter-examples to
Hilbert's 14th problem, the introduction of homological methods into commutative algebra,
and other pioneering achievements. However, the most important mark of this period was
A. Grothendieck's creation of the theory of schemes, the (till now) ultimate revolution
of algebraic geometry. His foundational work lead to a far-reaching alliance of
commutative algebra and algebraic geometry.
Nowadays also many computational methods have been developed, and the field of computer algebra
is of growing interest. In particular we mention Groebner bases and its applications.

Here is a
syllabus and a bibliography available.

**Exercises:** This lecture has no exercise class, but I have collected some exercises below, which
might be interesting.
Exam 2023:
Planned 29th of June 2023, 11:30 - 12:45.

##
pdf-files:

**Topics for the exam**:

- Basic notions and examples of commutative rings.
- Localizations
- Noetherian rings
- Affine algebraic sets and Zariski-Topology
- Gröbner Bases
- Module Theory
- Integral ring extensions
- Dedekind rings and DVRs (discrete valuation rings)

Dietrich Burde
Last modified: Di Feb 14 11:26:16 CET 2023