In this section, I will try to create a list of links and ressources – not necessarily academic – I find interesting or relevant for my project.
It is not supposed to be a traditional reference list, but a tool to aid my thinking (and share those thoughts). I decided to take advantage of the medium when creating this list – This is why I am not exclusively using APA-style for references, but also a mix of links and short descriptions.
My own disciplinary background:
This project is my master’s thesis in the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS), and I have a background in Cultural and Social Anthropology. My thinking and approach to this project are therefore heavily influenced by these disciplines, but also through engaging with fields such as Gender Studies, Postcolonial Studies, Media Studies, and the History and Philosophy of Science.
The field of STS:
If you are interested in an introduction to Science and Technology Studies in general (it is also called Science, Technology, Society), the Harvard University website is a good starting point that also provides a list of basic readings.
The Internet as a Space
Research “at home”:
Hannerz, U. (2002). Culture, history and anthropology at home. In: Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology (pp. 187-189). London and New York: Routledge.
When I am talking about “research at home”, I am referring to the idea as it is commonly used in Social- and Cultural Anthropology. Traditionally, talking about fieldwork “at home” refers to studying one’s community of origin in the physical world. But I think the concept lends itself perfectly to researchers that grew up with digital media when they are conducting research online, or to those belonging to the online-spaces their research is connected to. Just like in the physical world, there are numerous communities, groups and subcultures that, while belonging together in some ways can differ vastly from each other – but they do not have to.
The internet – with capital “I”?
This tweet by Nancy Bayn (April 2, 2016) about the capitalization of the term “internet”. Of course there is a more complex discussion going on here, but this tweet sums it up quite well. Also, APA now seems to agree (April 2, 2016).
Cyborgology: Moving Beyond the Binary of Connectivity (May 18, 2015)
A short text on what having access to the internet could mean – and how constructing access as a binary shows western bias.
Cyborgology: Narrative Identity and the Data Self (Dec 11, 2017)
Some interesting thoughts about social media (especially Facebook) and constructing one’s identity online.
Anonymous comments on the internet
It is often argued that enforcing the usage of official names (rather than nicknames) will make online communities more pleasant, and even safer. A study called “Digital Social Norm Enforcement: Online Firestorms in Social Media” shows that anonymous commenters are not always the aggressive ones, and that the issue is a bit more complex than finding a bunch of trolls hiding in anonymity. If you do not want to read the whole paper, here is a short summary.
Technology and Society
This text about “cyborg implants” (April 26, 2015) discusses how technologies (or the very definition of what technology is) are deeply entwined with societal value systems. While the topic seems to be quite different from what I am doing, I think it ties in nicely with several aspects of how people use/percieve internet technologies.
There are a number of scientific texts engaging with questions about the use of certain technologies, and how the technologies people actually use/prefer change over time. For this list, I chose qz.com: Teens have a smart reason for abandoning Facebook and Twitter (February 13, 2016) as this online article is very recent – and also because it works better in this medium than most scientific texts do.
Social Sciences and Research
Law, J. (2004). After method: Mess in social science research. London: Routledge.
A book approaching social research from a different angle than most. It provides interesting ideas on some aspects of research practice I have been wondering about for a long time.
Markham, A. (2003). Metaphors reflecting and shaping the reality of the Internet: Tool, place, way of being. Paper presented at the conference of the International Association of Internet Researchers in Toronto, Canada, October 2003.
Markham, A. M. (2007). e Internet as a research context. In C. Seale, G. Gobo, J. F. Gubrium, & D. Silverman (Eds.), Qualitative Research Practice (pp. 328-344). London: Sage.
These two texts by Annette Markham discuss the many different ways people talk about the internet, and construct thre categories out of them: The Internet as a tool, as a place, and as a way of being.