„Zum immerwährenden Gedenken an die Ausrufung des Freistaates“:
Das Selbstbild der (deutsch-)österreichischen Republik 1918/19 und seine Verdrängung
„To the everlasting commemoration of the free state“:
Self-imagination of the (german-)austrian Republic in 1918/19 and its repression)
Events, resulting from a victorious war, a successful revolution or formation of a state, striking amendments relating the constitutional system or international status, are able to constitute identity of the citizens of a state, they can constitute the self-image of a state, from which a sense of national community can grow out within all groups of a society supporting a state. In order to consolidate this collective emphasis, national holidays were found, which periodically have to impose the recall of events, forming identity of a state. In (german-)austrian republic such a state holiday was found by decision of the Constituent National Assembly in April 1919, serving for: „The everlasting memory of the declaration of the free state of German-Austria“ on November 12th 1918.
Keywords: Austria, Constituent National Assembly (of German-Austria), constituting a state, declaration of Austrian neutrality (in 1955), democratic republic, free state [= republic], founding of German-Austria (in 1918), liberation of the Republic of Austria (in 1945), national holiday, Provisional [= temporary] National Assembly (of German-Austria), state holidays (in general)