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Institut für Isotopenforschung und Kernphysik

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Walter KUTSCHERA
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Curriculum Vitae
 

1939                Born in Vienna, in the year nuclear fission was discovered, Sigmund Freud died, and the Second World War started.

1965                Ph.D. in Experimental Physics from  the University of Graz, Austria

            1966-1993      27 years away from Austria working in basic and  applied nuclear physics at various institutions, mainly in connection with

                                    tandem accelerators:

               Max-Planck-Institute for Nuclear Physics in Heidelberg, Germany (3 years)

                           Physics Department of the Technical University of Munich, Garching, Germany (8 years, Habilitation in Experimental

                             Physics in 1978)

               Physics Dept of the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (1 year)

                           Physics Division of Argonne National Laboratory in Chicago, USA (14 years, promotion to Senior Scientist in 1986)

               Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, and Racah Institute of Physics of  the Hebrew University in Jerusalem,

                 Israel (several visits, ~1 year)

                       1993-2007       Professor of Physics at the University of Vienna, and Head of the Institute of  Isotope Research and Nuclear Physics.

                                               Established the Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator (VERA), a universal facility for Accelerator Mass

Spectrometry (AMS), based on a 3-MV Pelletron tandem accelerator. VERA is operating since 1996, and was upgraded

in 2001 to allow for AMS experiments of “all” isotopes throughout the periodic table. In 2007 a second injector with a

40-sample Cs-beam sputter source was added to allow for a more versatile use of the AMS system.

1999-2000       President of the Austrian Physical Society

                       2004-2006       Dean of the Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna

2006-2007       Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna

                       2008-present    Emeritus Professor of Physics at the University of Vienna

 

Awards

2006                               Großes Silbernes Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um die Republik Österreich

2010                Erwin Schrödinger Prize of the Austrian Academy of Sciences

2011                Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

 

 

Research interests

After 10 years in experimental nuclear physics, my research focused since 1980 on the exploration of our world by means of the “isotope language” utilizing both long-lived radioisotopes (cosmogenic and anthropogenic) and stable isotopes. This research is performed with Accelerator Mass spectrometry (AMS) utilizing the long-lived radioisotopes 10Be, 14C, 26Al, 36Cl, 39Ar, 41Ca, 44Ti, 55Fe, 59Ni, 60Fe, 81Kr, 126Sn, 129I, 182Hf, 205Pb, 210Pb, 236U, 244Pu, and others. In this way,  information on physical and chemical phenomena in the seven great domains of our environment at large (atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere, cosmosphere, technosphere) are investigated.

Research fields touched so far: archaeology, art, atmospheric science, atomic and molecular physics, biomedicine, environmental physics, forensic medicine, Egyptology, geochronology, geomorphology, geophysics, glaciology, groundwater dating, nuclear astrophysics, nuclear physics, oceanography, paleoclimatology. In addition, external-beam PIXE (Proton Induced X-ray Emission analysis) was used at VERA to study the material composition of original silverpoint drawings of Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528).

Recently, my research focused on (1) Search for Superheavy Elements  in Nature with AMS,  (2) Efforts to solve the puzzle of dating the Minoan Eruption of Santorini, (3)  14C bomb peak dating of Human DNA,  (4) Measuring stable Pt isotopes in pre-solar nanodiamonds, (5) Developing radiometric dating of ancient ice with the 26Al/10Be chronometer


 

Selected publications (2004-2012)


P. Collon, W. Kutschera, Z.-T. Lu,
Tracing noble gas radionuclides in the environment,
Annual Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 54 (2004) 39-67

 

F. Dellinger, W. Kutschera, K. Nicolussi, P. Schießling, P. Steier, E.M. Wild
A 14C calibration with AMS from 3500 BC to 3000 BC, derived from a new high-elevation stone-pine tree-ring chronology
Radiocarbon 46/1 (2004) 337-385

P. Steier, R. Golser, W. Kutschera, A. Priller, C. Vockenhuber, S. Winkler
VERA, an AMS facility for "all" isotopes
Nucl.
Instr. and Meth. B 223-224 (2004) 67-71

C. Vockenhuber, F. Oberli, M. Bichler, I. Ahmad, G.Quitté, M. Meier, A.N. Halliday, D.-C. Lee, W. Kutschera, P. Steier,

R.J. Gehrke, R.G. Helmer
New Half-Life
Measurement of 182Hf: Improved Chronometer for the Early Solar System
Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 (2004) 172501

W. Kutschera
Progress in isotope analysis at ultra-trace level by AMS

Int. J. Mass Spectrom. 242 (2005) 145-160

E.M. Wild, M. Teschler-Nicola, W. Kutschera, P. Steier, E. Trinkhaus, W. Wanek
Direct dating of Early Upper Palaeolithic human remains from Mladec
Nature 435 (2005) 332-335

K. Liu, B. Han, Z. Guo, X. Wu, S. Yuan, W. Kutschera, H. Ma, A. Priller, P. Steier, E.M. Wild, C. Zhao
AMS radiocarbon dating of bone samples from the Xinzhai site in China
Radiocarbon 47/1 (2005) 21-25

R. Golser, H.Gnaser, W. Kutschera, A. Priller, P. Steier, A. Wallner, M. Cizek, J. Horacek, W. Domcke
Experimental and Theoretical evidence for Long-Lived Molecular Hydrogen Anions H2¯ and D2¯
Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 (2005) 223003

P. Steier, R. Drosg, M. Fedi, W. Kutschera, M. Schock, D. Wagenbach, E.M. Wild
Radiocarbon determination of particulate organic carbon in non-temperated, alpine glacier ice
Radiocarbon 48/1 (2006) 69-82

S.W. Manning, C. Bronk Ramsay, W. Kutschera, T. Higham, B. Kromer, P. Steier, E.M. Wild
Chronology for the Aegean Late Bronze Age 1700-1400 B.C.
Science 312 (2006) 565-569

 

R. Golser, H. Gnaser, W. Kutschera, A. Priller, P. Steier, A. Wallner

Exotic negative molecules in AMS

Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 259 (2007) 71-75

 

E.M. Wild, S. Guillen, W. Kutschera, H. Seidler, P. Steier

Radiocarbon dating of the Peruvian Chachapoya/Inca site at the Laguna de los Condores

Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 259 (2007) 378-383

 

W. Kutschera

A homage to ECAART-9 and Florence

                        Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 266 (2008) 2095-2098

 

P. Milota, I. Reiche, A. Duval, O. Forstner, H. Guicharnaud, W. Kutschera, S. Merchel, A. Priller,

M. Schreiner, P. Steier, E. Thobois, A. Wallner, B. Wünschek, R. Golser

PIXE measurements of renaissance silverpoint drawings at VERA

Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 266 (2008) 2279-2285

 

C. Vockenhuber, M. Bichler, A. Wallner, W. Kutschera, I. Dillmann, F. Käppeler

Measurement of the thermal neutron capture cross section and the resonance integral of radioactive 182Hf

Phys. Rev. C 77 (2008) 044608

 

F. Quinto, P. Steier, G. Wallner, A. Wallner, M. Srncik, M. Bichler, W. Kutschera, F. Terrasi, A. Petraglia, C. Sabbarese

The first use of 236U in the general environment and near a shut-down nuclear power plant

Appl. Rad. Isot. 67 (2009) 1175-1780

 

S. W. Manning, C. Bronk Ramsey, W. Kutschera, T. Higham, B. Kromer, P. Steier, E. M. Wild

Dating the Santorini/Thera eruption by radiocarbon: further discussion (AD 2006-2007)

In: S. W. Manning, M. J. Bruce, eds., Tree-rings, Kings, and Old World Archaeology and Environment,

Oxbow Books, Oxford (2009) pp. 299-316

 

M. Auer, D. Wagenbach, E.M. Wild, A. Wallner, A. Priller, H. Miller, C. Schlosser, W. Kutschera

Cosmogenic 26Al in the atmosphere and the prospect of a 26Al/10Be chronometer to date old ice

Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 287 (2009) 453-462

 

W. Kutschera

AMS and climate change

Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 268 (2010) 693-700

 

F. Dellinger, O. Forstner, R. Golser, W. Kutschera, A. Priller, P. Steier, A. Wallner, G. Winkler

Search for a superheavy nuclide with A=292 and neutron-deficient thorium isotopes in natural thorianite

Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 268 (2010) 1287-1290

 

F. Dellinger, W. Kutschera, O. Forstner, R. Golser, A. Priller, P.Steier, A. Wallner, G. Winkler

Upper limits for the existence of long-lived isotopes of roentgenium in natural gold

Phys. Rev. C 83 (2011) 015801-1 to 9

 

F. Dellinger, O. Forstner, R. Golser, A. Priller, P.Steier, A. Wallner, G. Winkler, W. Kutschera

Ultrasensitive search for long-lived superheavy nuclides in the mass range A = 288 to A = 300

in natural Pt, Pb, and Bi

Phys. Rev. C 83 (2011) 065806-1 to 13

 

                        E.M. Wild, W. Kutschera

                        14C und die Chronologie Ägyptens

                        Spektrum der Wissenschaft, Dezember (2011) 48-55

 

                        O. Bergmann, J. Liebl, S. Bernard, K. Alkass, M.S.Y. Yeung, P. Steier, W. Kutschera, L. Johnson,

                        M. Landé n, H. Druid, K. L. Spalding, J. Frisén

                        The Age of Olfactory Bulb Neurons in Humans

                        Neuron 74 (2012) 634-639

 

                       W. Kutschera, M. Bietak,  E. M. Wild, C. Bronk Ramsey, M. Dee, R. Golser, Karin Kopetzky, 

                       P. Stadler, P. Steier, U. Thanheiser, F. Weninger

                       The chronology of Tell el-Daba: A crucial meeting point of 14C dating, archaeology, and Egyptology

                       in the 2nd millennium BC

                       Radiocarbon 54 (3-4) (2012) in press

 

 



Proceedings of AMS-1 and AMS-2 conferences for download.  

AMS Workshop Oxford 1986 for download

 

Ludwig Boltzmann's Journey to Berkeley in 1905 for download: in German, in English


 
Abschiedsvorlesung_26-05-2008 (152  Megabyte)


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