Wittgenstein Prizes 2000 awarded to the Anthropologist Gingrich and the Mathematician Markowich

5 START Prizes for outstanding young researchers

Excerpts from the Press Release of the FWF, July 3, 2000

On Monday (3 July) Austrian Science Minister Gehrer will award this year's START and Wittgenstein Prizes. The anthropologist and ethnologist Andre Gingrich and the mathematician Peter Markowich, both from the University of Vienna, will each receive 20 million ATS for their future research. The Wittgenstein Prize is the most prestigious and financially the highest recognition for Austrian scientists. In addition, five young researchers will be awarded START prizes, receiving financial support for six years at a level of between 2.0 and 2.5 million ATS per year.

Peter Markowich (University of Vienna) is researching in applied mathematics. The equations he is studying, which use the "language" of the fundamental work of Leibnitz, Newton and Maxwell, describe dynamic physical processes from atomic to galactic levels. Markowich is working on basic methods as well as on concrete modelling problems and computer simulation of physical phenomena. He has taught and researched abroad for many years and returned to Austria two years ago. He hopes to use his prize money to establish Vienna as an internationally recognized centre for applied mathematics.
The reseaerch area of Peter Markowich is Nonlinear Analysis and Partial Differential Equations. These equations, which use the language of the fundamental works of Leibnitz, Newton and Maxwell, describe dynamical physical processes ranging from atomistic to galactic dimensions. Important examples are the Botzmann equation ofgas kinetics, the Schroedinger equation of quantum physics, Einstein's field equations of the relativity theory and the Navier-Stokes equations of fluid dynamics. Partial differential equations are a central research area in modern mathematical analysis as well as in modern mathematical physics.

Peter Markowich is working on the methodological basis, on concrete modelling problems and on issues of the numerical computer simulation of physical phenomena employing differential equation models. For example, he contributed to practical design problems for highly integrated semiconductor devices, to the understanding of basic questions on entropy techniques for kinetic equations and diffusion processes and to the rigorous analysis of the connection of classical and quantum mechanics.

Markowich spent many years at universities and research centers abroad. Two years ago he returned to Austria and is now more than ever active in international research projects. His dream is to establish Vienna as internationally known center for Applied Mathematics.

O.Univ.Prof.Dr. Peter MARKOWICH (*December 16, 1956)

Institut für Mathematik, Universität Wien
Strudelhofgasse 4, A-1090 Wien
Tel.: 01/4277/50611 / Fax: 01/4277/9506
e-mail: peter.markowich@univie.ac.at

Wittgenstein Prize

Area of Research: Applied Mathematics