Ausgewählte Veröffentlichungen in chronologischer Reihenfolge

(Selected Publications in chronological order) (Update: 2016-06-12)

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BETANCOURTH-CUNDAR M., LIMA A., HÖDL W., AMÉZQUITA A. (2016): Decoupled Evolution between Senders and Receivers in the Neotropical Allobates femoralis Frog Complex. PLoS ONE 11(6): e0155929. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155929

PREININGER D., HANDSCHUH S., BOECKLE M., SZTATECSNY M., HÖDL W. (2016): Comparison of female and male vocalization and larynx morphology in the size dimorphic foot-flagging frog species Staurois guttatus. Herp. J. 26: 187-197

MUNTEANU A. M., STARNBERGER I., PAŠUKONIS A., BUGNYAR T., HÖDL W., FITCH W. T. (2016): Take the long way home: Behaviour of a neotropical frog, Allobates femoralis, in a detour task. Behav. Process 126: 71-75

MANGIAMELE L. A., FUXJAGER M. J., SCHUPPE E. R., TAYLOR R. S., HÖDL W., PREININGER D. (2016): Increased androgenic sensitivity in the hind limb muscular system marks the evolution of a derived gestural display. PNAS 113 (20): 5664–5669, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1603329113

PAŠUKONIS A., TRENKWALDER K., RINGLER M., RINGLER E. (2016): The significance of spatial memory for water finding in a tadpole-transporting frog. Anim. Behav. 116: 89-98

HÖDL (2016): Herpetologische Forschung der Universität Wien in der Neotropis (1974-2014). Mertensiella 21: 30-35

MANGOLD A., TRENKWALDER K., RINGLER M., HÖDL W., RINGLER E. (2015): Low reproductive skew despite high male-biased operational sex ratio in a glass frog with paternal care. BMC Evolutionary Biology 15: 181, DOI 10.1186/s12862-015-0469-z

ERICH M., RINGLER M., HÖDL W., RINGLER E. (2015): Brood-partitioning behaviour in unpredictable environments: hedging the bets? Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 69: 1011-1017

STANGEL J., PREININGER D., SZTATECSNY M., HÖDL W. (2015): Ontogenetic Change of Signal Brightness in the Foot-Flagging Frog Species Staurois parvus and Staurois guttatus. Herpetologica 71(1): 1-7

RINGLER E., PAŠUKONIS A., FITCH W.T., HUBER L., HÖDL W., RINGLER M. (2015) Flexible compensation of uni-parental care: female poison frogs take over when males disappear. Behav. Eco.

HÖDL (submitted): Herpetologische Forschung der Universität Wien in der Neotropis (1974-2014). Mertensiella 21: 30-35

RINGLER M., HÖDL W., RINGLER E. (2015): Populations, pools and peccaries: simulating the impact of ecosystem engineers on rainforest frogs. Behav. Eco. doi:10.1093/beheco/aru243

RAUSCH A., SZTATECSNY M., JEHLE R., RINGLER E., HÖDL W. (2014): Male body size and parental relatedness but not nuptial colouration influence paternity success during scramble competition in Rana arvalis. Behaviour 151: 1869-1884

STARNBERGER I., PREININGER D., HÖDL W. (2014): From uni- to multimodality: Towards an integrative view on anuran communication. J. Comp. -Physiol. A 200: 777-787

PAŠUKONIS A., WARRINGTON I., RINGLER M., HÖDL W. (2014): Poison frogs rely on experience to find the way home in the rainforest. Biol. Lett. 10: 20140642

STARNBERGER I., PREININGER D., HÖDL W. (2014):The anuran vocal sac: A multimodal signalling tool. Anim. Behav. 97: 281-288

SIMÕES P., STOW A., HÖDL W., AMÉZQUITA A., FARIAS I., LIMA A. (2014): The value of policy protecting sub-specific variation in the Amazon Basin is highlighted by potential impacts of damming the Xingu River on the brilliant-thighed frog, Allobates femoralis Trop. Cons. Science 7(4): 811-828

RINGLER E., MANGOLD A., TRENKWALDER K., RINGLER M., HÖDL W. (2014): Characterisation of nine new polymorphic microsatellite loci in the reticulated glass frog Hyalinobatrachium valerioi (Centrolenidae).Amphibia-Reptilia 35: 243-246

PAŠUKONIS A., LORETTO M.C., LANDLER L., RINGLER M., HÖDL W. (2014): Homing trajectories and initial orientation in a Neotropical territorial frog, Allobates femoralis (Dendrobatidae). Frontiers in Zoology 11:29, doi:10.1186/1742-9994-11-29

LECHELT S., RINGLER M., HÖDL W. (2013): The role of spectral advertisement call properties in species recognition of male Allobates talamancae (Amphibia: Aromobatidae). Herpetozoa 26 (3/4): 139-150

PREININGER D., STIEGLER M.J., GURURAJA K.V., VIJAYAKUMAR S.P., TORSEKAR V.R., SZTATECSNY M., HÖDL W. (2013): Getting a kick out of it: Multimodal signaling during male-male encounters in the foot-flagging frog Micrixalus aff. saxicola from the Western Ghats of India. Current Science 12/2013 (105), 1735-1740

RINGLER E., PAŠUKONIS A., HÖDL W. & RINGLER M. (2013): Tadpole transport logistics in a Neotropical poison frog: indications for strategic planning and adaptive plasticity in anuran parental care. Frontiers in Zoology 10:67

STARNBERGER I., POTH D., PERAM P., SCHULZ S., VENCES M., KNUDSEN J., BAREJ M., ROEDEL M.-O., WALZL M., HÖDL W. (2013): Take time to smell the frogs - Vocal sac glands of reed frogs (Anura: Hyperoliidae) contain species-specific chemical cocktails. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. doi: 10.1111/bij.12167

PAŠUKONIS A., RINGLER M., BRANDL HANJA B., MANGIONE R., RINGLER E., HÖDL W. (2013): The Homing Frog: High Homing Performance in a Territorial Dendrobatid Frog Allobates femoralis (Dendrobatidae). Ethology 119: doi: 10.1111/eth.12116

RINGLER E., PAŠUKONIS A., HÖDL W. & RINGLER M. (2013): Characterisation of seven new polymorphic microsatellite loci in the brilliant-thighed poison frog Allobates femoralis (Dendrobatidae), and their cross-species utility in three other dendrobatoid species. Herpetological Journal 23: 175–178

PREININGER D., BOECKLE M., SZTATECSNY M., HÖDL W. (2013): Divergent Receiver Responses to Components of Multimodal Signals in Two Foot-Flagging Frog Species. PLoS ONE 8(1): e55367. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055367

LEEB C., HÖDL W., RINGLER M. (2013): A high-quality, self-assembled camera trapping system for the study of terrestrial poikilotherms tested on the Fire Salamander Herpetozoa 25 (3/4): 164-171

PREININGER D., BOECKLE M., FREUDMANN A., STARNBERGER I., SZTATECSNY M., HÖDL W. (2013) Multimodal signaling in the Small Torrent Frog (Micrixalus saxicola) in a complex acoustic environment. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 67: doi:10.1007/s00265-013-1489-6

SZTATECSNY M., PREININGER D., FREUDMANN A., LORETTO M., MAIER F., HÖDL W. (2012): Don`t get the blues: conspicuous nuptial colouration of male moor frogs (Rana arvalis) supports visual mate recognition in large breeding aggregations. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 66:1587–1593

RINGLER E., ROJAS B., RINGLER M., HÖDL W. (2012): Characterisation of nine polymorphic microsatellite loci in the dyeing poison frog Dendrobates tinctorius (Dendrobatidae), and their cross-species utility in two other dendrobatoid species. Herpetological Journal 22: 263-265

PREININGER D., WEISSENBACHER A., WAMPULA T., HÖDL W. (2012): The conservation breeding of two foot-flagging frog species from Borneo, Staurois parvus and Staurois guttatus. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 5(3):45-56

RINGLER E., RINGLER M., JEHLE R., HÖDL W. (2012): The Female Perspective of Mating in A. femoralis, a Territorial Frog with Paternal Care - A Spatial and Genetic Analysis. PLoS ONE 7(6): e40237. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0040237

GRAFE U., PREININGER D., SZTATECSNY M., KASAH R., DEHLING M., PROKSCH S., HÖDL W. (2012): Multimodal communication in a noisy environment: A case study of the Bornean rock frog Staurois parvus. PLoS ONE 7(5): e37965. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037965

VELEZ A., HÖDL W., AMÉZQUITA A., (2012): Sound or silence: Call recognition in the temporal domain by the frog Allobates femoralis. Ethology 118: 377-386

SCHMIDT BR., HÖDL W., SCHAUB M. (2012): From metamorphosis to maturity in complex life cycles: equal performance of different juvenile life history pathways. Ecology 93: 657-667

AMÉZQUITA, A., FLECHAS, S. V., LIMA, A. P., GASSER, H., HÖDL, W. (2011): Acoustic interference and recognition space within a complex assemblage of dendrobatid frogs. PNAS 108 (41): 17058-17063. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1104773108/-/DCSupplemental.

RINGLER, M., URSPRUNG, E., MAGANA MENDOZA, D., HÖDL, W. (2011): Intrusion experiments to measure territory size: development of the method, tests through simulations, and application in the frog Allobates femoralis. PLoS ONE 6(10): e25844. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025844

MAIDITSCH, I., LIEDTKE, H. C., NG`WAVA, J. M., HÖDL, W. (2011): Advertisement and close-range encounter call of Arthroleptis schubotzi NIEDEN, 1911, with notes on phonotaxis and sexual dimorphism in the third manual digit (Anura: Arthroleptidae). Herpetozoa 24: 23-31.

URSPRUNG, E., RINGLER, M., JEHLE, R., HÖDL, W. (2011): Strong male-male competition allows for non-choosy females: high levels of polygynandry in a territorial frog with paternal care. Molecular Ecology 20, 1759-1771.

URSPRUNG, E., RINGLER, M., JEHLE, R., HÖDL, W. (2011): Toe regeneration in the Neotropical frog Allobates femoralis (Aromobatidae). Herpetological Journal 21: 83-86.

RINGLER, M., URSPRUNG, E., HÖDL, W. (2010): Predation on Allobates femoralis (Boulenger 1884; Anura: Aromobatidae) by the colubrid snake Xenopholis scalaris (Wucherer 1861). Herpetology Notes 3: 301-304.

SZTATECSNY, M., STRONDL, C., BAIERL, A., RIES, C. & HÖDL, W. (2010): Chin up - are the bright throats of male common frogs a condition-independent visual cue? Anim. Behav. 79: 779-786.

DE LUNA, G., HÖDL, W. & AMÉZQUITA, A. (2010): Colour, size, and movement: the role of visual stimuli in species recognition by males of the frog Allobates femoralis. Anim. Behav. 79: 739-745.

LUGER, M., HÖDL, W. & LÖTTERS, S. (2009): Site fidelity, home range behaviour and habitat utilization of male harlequin toads (Amphibia: Atelopus hoogmoedi) from Suriname: relevant aspects for conservation breeding. Salamandra 45: 211-218.

SZTATECSNY, M. & HÖDL, W. (2009): Can protected mountain areas serve as refuges for declining amphibians? Potential threats of climate change and amphibian chytridiomycosis in an alpine amphibian population (Kirchfeld, Totes Gebirge, Austria). eco.mont 2: 19-24.

AMÉZQUITA, A., LIMA, A., JEHLE, R., CASTELLANOS, L., RAMOS, Ó., CRAWFORD, A. & HÖDL, W. (2009): Calls, colours, shapes, and genes: A multi-trait approach to the study of geographic variation in the Amazonian frog Allobates femoralis. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 98: 826-838. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01324.x

PREININGER, D., BÖCKLE, M. & HÖDL, W. (2009): Communication in noisy environment II. Visual signaling behavior of male foot-flagging frogs Staurois latopalmatus. Herpetologica 65: 166-173.

BÖCKLE, M., PREININGER, D. & HÖDL, W. (2009): Communication in noisy environment I. Acoustic signals of Staurois latopalmatus Boulenger 1879. Herpetologica 65: 154-165.

RINGLER, M., URSPRUNG, E. & HÖDL, W. (2009) Site fidelity and patterns of short- and long-term movement in a territorial frog (Allobates femoralis, Dendrobatidae). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 63:1281-1293, DOI 10.1007/s00265-009-0793-7.

GOLLMANN, G., BENKÖ, A. & HÖDL, W. (2009): Release calls of female Bombina bombina (Anura: Bombinatoridae). Acta Herpetologica 4: 113-115.

HÖDL, W. (2009): „Roborana“. Bioakustische Freilandforschung an Fröschen in Amazonien. bioskop 04_2008: 10-17.

GASSER, H., AMÉZQUITA A. & HÖDL, W. (2009): Who is calling? Intraspecific call variation in the aromobatid frog Allobates femoralis. Ethology 115: 596-607.

VOCKENHUBER, E., HÖDL, W. & AMÉZQUITA, A. (2009): Glassy fathers do matter: Egg attendance enhance embryonic survivorship in the glass frog Hyalinobatrachium valerioi. Journal of Herpetology 43, 340-344.

URSPRUNG, E., RINGLER, M. & HÖDL, W. (2009): Phonotactic approach pattern in the neotropical frog Allobates femoralis: a spatial and temporal analysis. Behaviour 146: 153-170.

LUGER, M., GARNER, T.W.J., ERNST, R., HÖDL, W.& LÖTTERS, L. (2008): No evidence for precipitous declines of harlequin frogs (Atelopus) in the Guyanas. Studies on neotropical fauna and environment 43: 177-180.

RIES, C., SZTATECSNY, M. & HÖDL, W. (2008): Geschlechtsspezifischer Farbwechsel beim Moorfrosch Rana arvalis während der Paarungszeit. In: Glandt, D. & Jehle, R. (Hrsg.): Der Moorfrosch/ The moor frog. Zeitschrift für Feldherpetologie. Supplement 13: 127-134.

VOCKENHUBER E. A., HÖDL, W. & KARPFEN, U. (2008): Reproductive behaviour of the glass frog Hyalinobatrachium valerioi (Anura: Centrolenidae) at the tropical stream Quebrada Negra (La Gamba, Costa Rica). Stapfia 88: 335-348.

RIES, C., SPAETHE, J., SZTATECSNY, M., STRONDL, C. & HÖDL, W. (2008): Turning blue and ultraviolet: sex-specific colour change during the mating season in the Balkan moor frog. Journal of Zoology doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2008.00456.x

JEHLE R., GASSER H., PFUNDER M., AMÉZQUITA A., LIMA A. P. & HÖDL W. (2008): Ten polymorphic microsatellite loci for Allobates femoralis, an Amazonian dendrobatid frog. Molecular Ecology Resources. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2008.02304.x

SIMOES, P. I., LIMA, A. P., MAGNUSSON, W. E., HÖDL, W. & AMEZQUITA, A. (2008): Acoustic and morphological differentiation in the frog Allobates femoralis: relationships with the Upper Madeira River and other potential geological barriers. Biotropica 40: 607-614. doi: 10.1111/j.1744.7429.2008.00416.x

GÖD, M., FRANZ. A. & W. HÖDL (2007): The influence of internote-interval variation of the advertisement call on the phonotactic behaviour in male Allobates femoralis (Dendrobatidae). Amphibia - Reptilia 28: 227-234.

PREININGER, D., BÖCKLE, M. & HÖDL, W. (2007): Comparison of anuran acoustic communities of two habitat types in the Danum Valley Conservation Area, Sabah, Malaysia. Salamandra 43: 129-138.

JEHLE, R., SZTATECSNY, M., WOLF, J. B. W., WHITLOCK, A., HÖDL, W. & BURKE, T. (2007): Genetic dissimilarity predicts paternity in the smooth newt (Lissotriton vulgaris). Biol. Lett. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0311. Published online.

HÖDL,W. (2006): Biodiversität und Biodiversitätskrise. In: A.Borsdorf & W.Hödl (Hrsg.): Naturraum Lateinamerika. Geographische und Biologische Grundlagen. LIT Verlag Wien - Münster. pp. 259-266.

HÖDL, W. (2006): Die Tierwelt Amazoniens - Vielfalt im Verborgenen. - In: A.Borsdorf & W.Hödl (Hrsg.): Naturraum Lateinamerika. Geographische und Biologische Grundlagen. LIT Verlag Wien - Münster. pp. 195-228.

AMÉZQUITA, A., HÖDL, W., CASTELLANOS, L., LIMA, A., ERDTMANN, L. & M. C. DE ARAÚJO (2006): Masking interference and the evolution of the acoustic communication system of the Amazonian poison frog Epipedobates femoralis. Evolution 60: 1874-1887.

SZTATECSNY, M., JEHLE, R., BURKE, T. & W.HÖDL (2006): Female polyandry under male harassment: the case of the common toad (Bufo bufo). J. Zool. 270: 517-522.  


HIRSCHMANN, W. & HÖDL, W. (2006): Visual signaling in Phrynobatrachus krefftii Boulenger, 1909 (Anura: Ranidae). Herpetologica 62: 18-27.


LIMA, A. P., MAGNUSSON, W. E., MENIN, M., ERDTMANN, L. K., RODRIGUES, D. J., KELLER, C. & HÖDL, W. (2006): Guia de sapos da Reserva Adolpho Ducke - Amazônia Central (Guide to the frogs of Reserva Adolpho Ducke - Central Amazonia). Attema - Manaus. 168 pp.


AMÈZQUITA, A., CASTELLANOS, L. & HÖDL, W. (2005): Auditory matching of male Epipedobates femoralis (Anura: Dendrobatidae) under field conditions. Anim. Behav. 70: 1377-1386.

NARINS, P., GRABUL, D., SOMA, K. K., GAUCHER, P. & HÖDL, W. (2005): Cross-modal integration in a dart-poison frog. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 102: 2425-2429.  


HÖDL, W. (2005): Zoologie und Biodiversitätsforschung. In: Drekonja-Kornat, G. (ed.), Lateinamerikanistik – der österreichische Weg. Lit Verlag WIen, Münster: 239-248.


HÖDL, W., AMÈZQUITA, A. & NARINS, P. (2004): The rôle of call frequency and the auditory papillae in male phonotactic behaviour in the dart-poison frog Epipedobates femoralis (Dendrobatidae). J. Comp. Physiol. A 190: 823-829.


AMÈZQUITA, A. & HÖDL, W. (2004): How, when, and where to perform visual displays? The case of the Amazonian frog Hyla parviceps. Herpetologica 60: 20-29.

EDER, E. & HÖDL, W (2003): Catalogus Novus Fauna Austriae, No.1. Die Groß-Branchiopoden Österreichs, Crustacea: Branchiopoda excl. Cladocera. Biosystematics and Ecology Series No. 20, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien. 56 pp.


NARINS, P. M., HÖDL, W. & GRABUL, D. S. (2003): Bimodal signal requisite for agonistic behaviour in a Dart-poison frog. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 100: 577-580.

SCHIESARI, L. & GORDO, M. & HÖDL, W. (2003): Treeholes as calling, breeding, and developmental sites for the Amazonian canopy frog, Phrynohyas resinifictrix (Hylidae). Copeia 2003: 263-272.

ELLINGER, N. & HÖDL, W. (2003): Habitat acoustics of a neotropical lowland forest. Bioacoustics 13: 297-321.

EDER, E. & HÖDL, W. (2002): Large freshwater branchiopods in Austria: diversity, threats, and conservational status. In: Escobar-Briones, E. & F. Alvarez (Eds.): Modern approaches to the study of Crustacea: 281-290.

STREISSL, F. & HÖDL, W. (2002): Habitat and shelter requirements of the Stone crayfish, Austropotamobius torrentium Schrank. - Hydrobiologia 477: 195-199.

STREISSL, F. & HÖDL, W. (2002): Growth, morphometrics, size at maturity, sexual dimorphism and condition index of Austropotamobius torrentium Schrank. - Hydrobiologia 477: 201-208.

JUNGFER, K.-H. & HÖDL, W (2002): A new species of Osteocephalus from Ecuador and a redescription of O. leprieurii (Dum_(c)ril & Bibron, 1841) (Anura: Hylidae). – Amphibia-Reptilia 23: 21-46.

ELLINGER, N., SCHLATTE G., JEROME N. & HÖDL, W. (2001): Habitat use and activity patterns of the neotropical arboreal lizard Tropidurus (=Uracentron) azureus werneri (Tropiduridae). J. Herpetology 35: 395-402.

HÖDL, W. & AMÈZQUITA, A. (2001): Visual signalling in anuran amphibians. In: Anuran communication (M. Ryan, ed.). Smithsonian Inst. Press. Washington, pp. 121-141.

JEHLE, R & ARNTZEN, J.W. & BURKE, T. & KRUPA, A. & HÖDL, W. (2001): The annual number of breeding adults and the effective population size of syntopic newts (Triturus cristatus, T. marmoratus). Molecular Ecology 10, 839 - 850.

EDER, E. & RICHTER, S. & GOTTWALD, R. & HÖDL, W. (2000): First record of Limnadia lenticularis males in Europe (Branchiopoda: Conchostraca). - J. Crust. Biol. 20, 657-662

PRÖHL, H. & HÖDL,W. (1999): Parental investment, potential reproductive rates and mating system in the strawberry dart-poison frog, Dendrobates pumilio. - Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 46, 215-220.

JEHLE, R. & HÖDL, W. (1998): PITs versus patterns: a field study on potential effects of transponders on recapture rate and body condition of Danube crested newts (Triturus dobrogicus) and common spadefoot toad (Pelobates fuscus). - The Herpetological Journal 8, 181-186.

EDER, E. & HÖDL, W. & GOTTWALD, R. (1997): Distribution and phenology of large branchiopods in Austria. - Hydrobiologia 359, 13-22.

HADDAD, C.F.B. & HÖDL, W, (1997): A new reproductive mode in anurans: bubble nest in Chiasmocleis leucosticta (Microhylidae). - Copeia 1997, 585-588.

HÖDL, W. & EDER, E. (1996): Rediscovery of the Clam Shrimps Leptestheria dahalacensis and Eoleptestheria ticinensis (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Spinicaudata): an overview on presence and conservation of Conchostraca in Austria. - Hydrobiologia 318, 203-206.

JEHLE, R. & HÖDL, W. & THONKE, A. (1995): Structure and dynamics of Central European amphibian populations: a comparison between Triturus dobrogicus (Amphibia, Urodela) and Pelobates fuscus (Amphibia, Anura). - Australian Journal of Ecology 20, 362-366.

HÖDL, W. & FRIMMEL, M. (1992): Aktuelle Entwaldungsursachen und Perspektiven standortgerechter Landnutzung in Amazonien. - Journal für Entwicklungspolitik 8, 267-284.

HÖDL, W. (1992): Reproductive behaviour in the neotropical foam-nesting frog Pleurodema diplolistris (Leptodactylidae). - Amphibia-Reptilia 13, 263-274.

HÖDL, W. (1990): Reproductive diversity in Amazonian lowland frogs. - Fortschritte d. Zoologie 38, 41-60.

HÖDL, W. (1990): An analysis of foam nest construction in the neotropical frog Physalaemus ephippifer (Leptodactylidae). Copeia, 1990, 527-534.

GOLLMANN, G. & ROTH, P. & HÖDL, W. (1988): Hybridization between the fire-bellied toads Bombina bombina and Bombina variegata in the karst regions of Slovakia and Hungary: morphological and allozyme evidence. - J.evol.Biol. l, 3-14.

HÖDL, W. & GOLLMANN, G. (1986): Distress calls in neotropical frogs. - Amphibia-Reptilia 7, 11-21.

ZIMMERMAN, B. & HÖDL, W. (1983): Distinction of Phrynohyas resinifictrix (GOELDI, 1907) from Phrynohyas venulosa (LAURENTI, 1768) based on acoustical and behavioural parameters. - Zool.Anz., Jena 211, 341-353.

HÖDL, W. & GASCHE, J. (1982): Indian agriculture as exemplified by a Secoya village on the Rio Yubineto in Peru. - Apl.Geogr.Dev. 20, 20-31.

HÖDL, W. (1977): Call differences and calling site segregation in Anuran species from Central Amazonian floating meadows. - Oecologia (Berl.) 28, 351-363.

HÖDL, W. (1975): Die Entwicklung der spektralen Empfindlichkeit der Netzhaut von Bombina, Hyla, Pelobates und Rana. - Zool.Jb.Physiol. 79, 173-203.